Kodachrome is also, somewhat remarkably, the name of a state park in Utah. [31] Some software producers deliver special Kodachrome color profiles with their software to avoid this. The chemicals and process (K-14) were specific to the film and rather tricky, so the last roll of it was developed in 2010. In 2017 the film Kodachrome premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival and featured a dying photographer, played by Ed Harris, whose son, played by Jason Sudeikis, helps him to get the last of his Kodachrome photography processed. [10] His Kodachrome was a subtractive process that used only two colors: blue-green and red-orange. When I started shooting, in 1972 with an SLR, the second film I used after Plus-X was Kodachrome 25 and 64. Dwayne's Photo announced in late 2010 that it would process all Kodachrome rolls received at the lab by December 30, 2010, after which processing would cease. [58][59][60] As Dwayne's final processing deadline approached, thousands of stored rolls of film were sent in for processing. Though this film is intended for exposure with daylight or an electronic flash, it can also be exposed to tungsten illumination (3,200 K) when using filters. As digital photography reduced the demand for all film after 2000, Kodachrome sales further declined. Matt Ryder is an A&R representative at a record label who is in danger of losing his job after his company's biggest client signs with another label. The last film to be developed was shot by the owner, Dwayne Steinle. [6] It was used by Walton Sound and Film Services in the UK in 1953 for the official 16 mm film of the coronation of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. After reading up on the subject in the library they started to experiment with additive color processes. Kodak Ektachrome, Agfa Moviechrome or similar "dye" incorporated color films. As such, it possesses a relatively high contrast. [5] During its heyday, many Kodak and independent laboratories processed Kodachrome, but by 2010, only one Kodak-certified facility remained: Dwayne's Photo in Parsons, Kansas. She was born Eugenia Lincoln Falkenburg to American parents in Barcelona, Spain on January 21, 1919. Kodachrome was the subject of Paul Simon's 1973 song "Kodachrome", and Kodachrome Basin State Park in Utah was named after it, becoming the only park named for a brand of film.[6]. Neither 200 (grainier than any current 400-speed slide film) nor 64 (good whites and skin tones but otherwise very bland colors, and reds off to the brown side) ever appealed to me. Capstaff, a former portrait photographer and physics and engineering student, had already worked on color photography before he joined C.K. Such a multi-layered film had already been invented and patented in 1912 by the German inventor Rudolph Fischer. Dec, 2016 “Kodachrome” starring Elizabeth Olsen, Jason Sudeikis & Ed Harris is now filming in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Starring: Elizabeth Olsen, Jason Sudeikis, Ed Harris, Written By: A.G. Sulzberger, Jonathan Tropper. [22], In later years, Kodachrome was produced in a wide variety of film formats including 120 and 4" × 5", and in ISO-ASA values ranging from 8 to 200.[23]. I'd heard of two color Kodachrome, but I thought this was an experiment that never got out of the Kodak Research Labs. [36], Unprocessed Kodachrome film may survive long periods between exposure and processing. The result was a pair of positive dye images. Voor een film die de sfeer wil overbrengen van respectievelijk de muziekindustrie en de professionele fotografie, lijkt het weinig kaas te hebben gegeten van beide werelden. [3] Although the statement generated widespread media interest, it was subsequently conceded by an official at Kodak Alaris (who would be responsible for its production and sale) that the return of Kodachrome was probably impractical (due to the difficulty in restoring the now-dismantled infrastructure needed to support it) and therefore unlikely. ...other horror movies without being stupid (it's nothing like the scary movies series) another good one is house at the end of the street, it's good. [4], Kodachrome films are non-substantive. The park covers 2,240 acres of canyon country and is surrounded by Grand Staircase–Escalante National Monument on three sides. Through the entire decade I never shot one roll of color print film. If this film isn't filmed in kodachrome, the ultimate irony will be that it … The film was then fixed, making these silver halides soluble and leaving only the final dye image. Watch all you want. Locations coming soon! Re-exposure fogged the silver halides that were not developed in the first developer, limiting development to one layer at a time. The green-sensitive layer was redeveloped with a developer that chemically fogged it and formed magenta dye. The Kodachrome product range diminished progressively through the 1990s and 2000s. New York, in 1937 filmed on Kodachrome by an unknown cameraperson. Camping is the only way to stay overnight at Kodachrome and relish the sunset as it makes the canyon walls even more vivid. Though they have not spoken in over ten years, Ben has requested that Matt drive him to Dwayne's Photo in Parsons, Kansas, the last shop that still develops Kodachromefilm. Kodachrome: songs have been written about it, parks have been named after it, movies have been produced about it. This article is about the brand of film. [24] On July 14, 2010, it was announced[25] that the last roll of Kodachrome manufactured had been developed by Dwayne's for photographer Steve McCurry, a National Geographic photographer. Where was the Gas Station & Liquor Store shoot-out scene filmed? Kodachrome debuted in 1935 and was an instant hit as the first film to effectively, and later extremely vibrantly, render color. The dye couplers are added during processing. His father's assistant and nurse Zoë Kern arrives at his office and informs him that his father Ben, a famous photographer, is terminally ill. [31], The color rendering of Kodachrome films was unique in color photography for several decades after its introduction in the 1930s. Kodachrome was the first color film that used a subtractive color method to be successfully mass-marketed. Here is a gentle gaze on the city, sharing the details of daily life for a certain privileged section of society. The two plates could be exposed as a "bipack" (sandwiched emulsion to emulsion, with a very thin red filter layer between), which eliminated the need for multiple exposures or a special color camera. Click Here! While existing Kodachrome materials from before Kodak simplified the development process in 1938[34] are almost always faded, images on Kodachrome slides and motion picture films made after this point retain accurate color and density to this day. [47][48], The use of transparency film declined in the 1980s and 1990s which, combined with competition from Fuji's Velvia slide film, caused a drop in Kodachrome sales. [12] [13], The next version of Kodachrome was invented in the early 1930s by two professional musicians, Leopold Godowsky Jr. and Leopold Mannes,[14] who were also university-trained scientists.[15][16]. Kodachrome is difficult to process, requiring expert handlers, and Dwayne's Photo in Kansas is the sole remaining developer. Some three years later they were still experimenting using this controlled diffusion method of separating the colors in the multi-layer emulsion, but by then they had decided that instead of incorporating the color couplers into the emulsion layers themselves, they could be added to the developing chemicals, solving the problem of wandering color couplers. The first of these was for use inside of the Lunar Module cabin. 1. Its manufacture was discontinued in 2009, and processing ended in December 2010. In one case, several rolls were exposed and then lost in a Canadian forest. The photo lab to make its last stand for Kodachrome was Dwayne's Photo. McCurry has shot more than 800,000 photos including his iconic 'Afghan Girl' portrait, with the film. It had a great color palette. It required two glass plate negatives, one made using a panchromatic emulsion and a red filter, the other made using an emulsion insensitive to red light. To submit a filming location go to - https://hollywoodfilminglocations.com/send-in-a-tip/. The last film to be developed was shot by the owner, Dwayne Steinle. Kodachrome was invented by two friends Leopold Godowsky and Leopold Mannes. Fischer himself did not find a way to stop the color couplers and color sensitizing dyes from wandering from one layer into the other, where they would produce unwanted colors. See Susan Stang's detailed description of the collaboration in Bill Barrett and Susan Hacker Stang (editors), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Brilliant vintage Hollywood 8 x 10 Kodachromes sell on ebay", "Range of Color: Kodachrome Basin Lives up to Name it Got by Accident", "Kodachrome Might Make a Comeback, And You Could Help", "Kodak: A Thousand Words – A Tribute to KODACHROME: A Photography Icon", "BFI | Film & TV Database | Coronation Regina (1953)", "Image Forming Materials – Tint, Tone and Other Colour Processes", "Complete National Film Registry Listing", "2012 National Film Registry Picks in A League of Their Own", "Kodak: History of Kodak: Milestones 1930–1959", "Coatings on Kodachrome and Ektachrome Films: Appendix A – Timeline for the Kodak Kodachrome Films", "Kodachrome: The Legendary Film's Last Days", "Last Kodachrome roll processed in Parsons", "National Geographic: The Last Roll of Kodachrome", "Presentation to Rochester Photographic Historical Society", "Kodak announces Kodachrome to be discontinued", "LaserSoft Imaging Introduces the Perfect Kodachrome Workflow", "Eastman Kodak kills its colour-true Kodachrome", "The Last Roll of Kodachrome—Frame by Frame! Filmed on a single reel of 30 year old Kodachrome, it was processed in a home-made soup of instant coffee, vitamin C, and soda. 1 talking about this. [40] Kodachrome also has a pronounced relief image that can affect the infrared channel. Filmed on Kodachrome Super 8 with sound. The important part of that patented process was a process called controlled diffusion. After development, the silver images were bleached out with chemistry that hardened the bleached portions of the gelatin. The final steps were to wash the film to remove residual chemicals which might cause deterioration of the dye image, then to dry, cut, and mount the film in slide frames. Do you know of a filming location? After 1954, as a result of the case United States v. Eastman Kodak Co., this practice was prohibited in the United States as anticompetitive. Steve McCurry told Vanity Fair magazine:[33], If you have good light and you're at a fairly high shutter speed, it's going to be a brilliant color photograph. [11], Kodachrome was first sold in 1935 as 16 mm movie film with an ASA speed of 10. Copyright © 2020 HollywoodFilmingLocations.com. The only part left of Fischer's original problem with a multi-layer emulsion were the wandering sensitizing dyes. Thank you for all the support and tips. His kids and relatives seem to enjoy and are greatly amused by the shot. But the photos Natali perused were not Kodachrome. This is because most color films contain dye couplers on the film itself; during development the couplers react with the developer to form the dyes that form the final negative image. Kodachrome was the only archival film stock. It is an iconic film that has not been commercially processed since January 18, 2011. [28] Transparencies made with non-substantive films have an easily visible relief image on the emulsion side of the film. These effects can sometimes cause a slight loss of sharpness in the scanned image when Digital ICE or a similar infrared channel dust removal function is used. Kodachrome Commercial has a low-contrast characteristic which complements the various duplication films with which it is intended to be used: silver separation negatives for 35 mm (controlled exclusively by Technicolor) and reversal duplicating and printing stocks for 16 mm (controlled exclusively by Eastman Kodak). The plates were then assembled emulsion to emulsion, producing a transparency that was capable of surprisingly good (for a two-color process) color rendition of skin tones in portraits. English (US) Español; Français (France) 中文(简体) Their experiments, which continued after they finished college, turned from multiple lenses that produced multiple, differently colored images that had to be combined to form the final transparency, to multiple layered film in which the different color images were already combined, perfectly aligned. "Kodachrome was my mainstay film, this was the main film I used for 30 year," McCurry said. Not long before the three-year period would expire, at the end of 1933, Mannes and Godowsky still had not managed to come up with anything usable, and thought their experiments would be terminated by Kodak. In 1922 Robert Wood, a friend of Mannes, wrote a letter to Kodak's chief scientist Mees, introducing Mannes and Godowsky and their experiments, and asking if Mees could let them use the Kodak facilities for a few days. [37], A 35mm Kodachrome transparency, like other 35mm transparencies on films of comparable ISO rating, contains an equivalent of approximately 20 megapixels of data in the 24 mm x 36 mm image. Kodachrome was the subject of Paul Simon's 1973 song "Kodachrome", and Kodachrome Basin State Park in Utah was named after it, becoming the only park named for a brand of film. Kodachrome is generally used for direct projection using white light. However, Kodachrome's color stability under bright light, for example during projection, is inferior to substantive slide films. [32] Even after the introduction of other successful professional color films, such as Fuji Velvia, some professionals continued to prefer Kodachrome, and maintain that it still has certain advantages over digital. For the unfamiliar, Kodachrome was one of the most iconic films ever made. [42] The process underwent four significant alterations since its inception. Kodachrome Film. Award-winning photographer Steve McCurry has published the photos taken with the last roll of Kodakchrome to come off the production line on his Wordpress blog. An IT8 calibration with a special Kodachrome calibration target is necessary for accurate color reproduction. [44], The first step in the process was the removal of the antihalation backing with an alkaline solution and wash. Your email address will not be published. Unlike substantive transparency and negative color films, Kodachrome film does not incorporate dye couplers into the emulsion layers. [43] The final version of the process, designated K-14, was introduced in 1974. Musicus Paul Simon schreef een nummer getiteld Kodachrome, dat staat op zijn album There Goes Rhymin' Simon uit 1973. Today, this first version of Kodachrome is nearly forgotten, completely overshadowed by the next Kodak product bearing the name Kodachrome. Willingness to experiment: We run over 150 experiments every year so we can produce exactly what our customers want with the highest possible degree of quality and efficiency. On June 22, 2009, Kodak announced it would no longer manufacture Kodachrome film and cited declining demand. JOIN NOW. We're preservationists by nature. Using this time-controlled way of processing one layer at a time, they could create the dye image of the required color in only that layer in which it was required. The book presents a year of pictures shot by Webster University photography students on more than 100 rolls of by-then rare Kodachrome film and processed by Dwayne's on the last day (extended to January 18, 2011) before processing chemicals officially ceased production. Ektachrome 160 film - EM-25 or EM-26 process. "Kodachrome" by Paul Simon, cover by The Horse Puppets (duo) filmed in our home studio in Manchester, recorded live in one take. [29] Kodachrome 64 and 200 can record a dynamic range of about 2.3D or 8 stops, as shown in the characteristic curves. [62] The final roll to be processed was exposed by Dwayne Steinle, owner of Dwayne's Photo. The photographer who took this image has been chosen to use the last roll of Kodachrome film. Trailer: Watch Now:  MOVIE... Where is Psych “The Movie” currently filming? Kodachrome este un film dramatic lansat în 2017, regizat de Mark Raso, scris de Jonathan Tropper, și bazat pe un articol publicat în New York Times și scris de A.G. Sulzberger. Externe links. Mees offered to help, and after meeting with Mannes and Godowsky agreed to supply them with multi-layer emulsions made to Mannes and Godowsky's specifications. I received a notice for the next meeting of Now here are some pictures of a very old roll of Kodachrome from the early days of this famous film. Watch all you want. Filmed on Kodachrome Super 8 with sound. The original Kodachrome invented by John Capstaff some 20 years earlier was also two-color. [6] Some business analysts speculated that heavy subsidies by the Japanese government propped up Fuji and may have even allowed dumping of Fuji's films at below the cost to manufacture them. Chaos Walking Québec Filming Locations 2021, Run Filming Locations | Canada | Hulu 2020, Let Him Go Alberta Filming Locations 2020, The OA: Season 1 (2016 – ) Filming Locations – Netflix Original Series, XXX: The Return Of Xander Cage (2017) Filming Locations. It was manufactured for 74 years in various formats to suit still and motion picture cameras, including 8 mm, Super 8, 16 mm for movies (exclusively through Eastman Kodak), and 35 mm for movies (exclusively through Technicolor Corp as "Technicolor Monopack") and 35 mm, 120, 110, 126, 828 and large format for still photography. Kodachrome. n item can still be added … en) Kodachrome op Timeline of Historical Film Colors met geschreven bronnen en foto's I was wondering if the Kodachrome film we can buy today is as good as the one from years ago? Kodachrome film has no such couplers; instead the dyes are formed on the film by a complex processing sequence that required four different developers; one black and white developer, and three color developers. Their quest for coming up with a better color film started, the story goes, with being really disappointed in the color quality of a film they saw together in 1917. By timing how long it took for an image to form in the top layer, but not yet in the next layer beneath that one, they began to solve the problem that Fischer could not. Er is veel tegen 'Kodachrome' (2017) in te brengen. [43], Due to its complex processing requirements, Kodachrome film was initially sold at a price which included processing by Kodak. It has been calculated that the yellow dye, the least stable, would suffer a 20% loss of dye in 185 years. Madras in the 1970s, by Ken Churms. Though this film is intended for exposure with daylight or an electronic flash, it can also be exposed to tungsten illumination (3,200 K) when using filters. Ben has several undeveloped rolls he wants to have processed befo… The Vicente’s Liquor Store is... Where was Father Figures filmed at? The new movie “Psych” starring James Roday & Timothy... Where is Thrift Town located? I have seen it before and, at that time, it was stated there had been no color correction. Mannes and Godowsky first took an interest in color photography when in 1917, still high school pupils at the time, they saw a movie called Our Navy,[17] a movie made using a four-color additive process. [26] Although McCurry retains ownership of the slides, prints of the 36 slides are permanently housed at the George Eastman House in Rochester, New York[25] and most of the pictures have been published on the Internet by Vanity Fair magazine. [62][63] The cessation of processing by Dwayne's Photo is commemorated in the book Kodachrome – End of the Run: Photographs from the Final Batches, edited by photographers Bill Barrett and Susan Hacker Stang with introductory essays by famed Time magazine worldwide pictures editor Arnold Drapkin and Dwayne's Photo vice president Grant Steinle. [20], In 1961 Kodak released Kodachrome II with sharper images and faster ASA speeds at 25 ASA. Naturally, most was recorded with the GoPro Hero, so I left the wide angle and brilliant color. [43] After color development, the metallic silver was converted to silver halide using a bleach solution. On July 25, 2006, extensive documentation about Kodak's Lausanne Kodachrome lab's impending closure was sent to the European Parliament by the Dutch office of the European Parliament because, although located in Switzerland, the facility served all of Europe and its closure would affect European photographers. [56] Dwayne's processing of 35 mm films was fully endorsed by Kodak, but its Super-8 process was not endorsed because it required more agitation. new Type A Kodachrome for producing medical motion pictures. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. people are watching this item. Their only chance for survival was to invent something in a hurry, something that the company could put into production and capitalise. Due to the race to digital photography, Kodak has decided to stop making Kodachrome. “Kodachrome ” (2017) Drama Running Time: 100 minutes Written by: Jonathan Tropper Directed by: Mark Raso Featuring: Ed Harris, Jason Sudeikis, Elizabeth Olsen, Bruce Greenwood, Wendy Crewson, and Dennis Haysbert Ben: "We're all so frightened by time, the way it moves on and the way things disappear. Kodachrome is difficult to process, requiring expert handlers, and Dwayne’s Photo in Kansas is the sole remaining developer. This photo from National Geographic of the Afghan girl is perhaps the most famous image filmed on Kodachrome film. Kodachrome had more poetry in it, a softness, an elegance. He also gave them a three-year deadline to come up with a finished and commercially viable product. Schwartz from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Mr. H. B. Tuttle from Eastman Kodak. This video was inspired by the scene in the movie "Cone Heads" where the song Kodachrome was played and it was filmed in 8mm. I know because I have used the combination before. Kodachrome film is renowned for its exceptional … The red-sensitive layer was re-exposed through the base of the film with red light, then redeveloped forming cyan dye. The first Kodak product called Kodachrome was invented by John Capstaff in 1913. It was also adapted for use as a 35 mm motion picture film process. With digital photography, you gain many benefits [but] you have to put in post-production. Is it the same thing or has it changed a bit? At the end of the paper a 16mm film was presented that was filmed on the type "A" Kodachrome. unknown address – Got a Tip? 2018 13+ 1h 45m Tearjerkers. Watch Now on Netflix. A color developer then developed the fogged image, and its exhaustion products reacted with a color coupler to form a dye in the color complementary to the layer's sensitivity. [45] An envelope was included with the film in which the photographer would send the exposed film to the nearest of several designated Kodak laboratories. After its Lausanne processing facility closed, Kodak subcontracted the processing work to Dwayne's Photo, an independent facility in the United States, which became the world's last Kodachrome processing facility. Kodachrome may have been relegated to digital screenings – even the Toronto festival premiere was a DCP – but Raso has been through this sort of thing before. After announcing the return of Ektachrome at the beginning of 2017, Eastman Kodak CMO Steven Overman told The Kodakery podcast, "we are investigating Kodachrome, looking at what it would take to bring that back.". Kodachrome's fade time under projection is about one hour, compared to Fujichrome's two and a half hours. Until its discontinuation, Kodachrome was the oldest surviving brand of color film. Kodak Kodachrome 64 film works well for general-use photography, including outdoor, travel, and nature shots. Velvia made everything so saturated and wildly over-the-top, too electric. Upon discovery 19 years later they were processed and the slides were usable. It wasn't too garish. There are perhaps even some eye rolling moments for more cynical viewers. Striking Jinx Falkenburg was an American actress and model during the 1940s. Dust, scratches, and fingerprints on the slide are typically detected and removed by a scanner's software. With its close proximity to other popular destinations down Cottonwood Road, it makes for a spectacular basecamp or a stop on an event-filled day in the desert with friends. Their higher films speeds also eroded Kodachrome's market share, as the quality of competing films improved over time. The film is based on A.G. Sulzberger's 2010 New York Times article "For Kodachrome Fans, Road Ends at Photo Lab in Kansas" about a father and son who take a road trip to Kansas in order to develop photographs at Kodak's last Kodachrome lab before it closes its doors forever. Absolute consistency: Our deep expertise in producing film guarantees consistency; Roll 1 will perform the same as Roll 2, Roll 2 will perform the same as Roll 10, Roll 10 will perform the same as Roll 100, and so on. [64] Kodachrome film can no longer be processed in color, but it can be processed in black and white by some labs that specialize in obsolete processes and old film processing. [2] It was one of the first successful color materials and was used for both cinematography and still photography. Kodak entered into a consent decree that ended this practice in the United States, and allowed independent processing laboratories to acquire the chemicals needed to process Kodachrome films. Super 8, a low-speed fine-grain Kodachrome movie film, was released in 1965 — and was used to film seemingly every wedding, beach holiday and backyard barbecue for the next decade. Kodachrome Commercial was available until the mid-1950s, after which Ektachrome Commercial (ECO) replaced it for these specific applications. Kodachrome interacts with this infrared channel in two ways. Kodachrome and Ektachrome films were manufactured pre-1984 and are years beyond the process before date on the original packaging. [11] Due to the growth and popularity of alternative photographic materials, its complex processing requirements, and the widespread transition to digital photography, Kodachrome lost market share. Some films are like you're on a drug or something. At issue are four mystery canisters of Kodachrome film that Ben, as analog as they come, has just discovered and he wants to get them developed in order to put on one final exhibit of his work. In both cases, Eastman Kodak performed the processing. Kodachrome is difficult to process, requiring expert handlers, and Dwayne's Photo in Kansas is the sole remaining developer. Simon Patterson - January 11, 2017. When stored in darkness, Kodachrome's long-term stability under suitable conditions is superior to other types of color film of the same era. Watch Now on Netflix. “Kodachrome ” (2017) Drama Running Time: 100 minutes Written by: Jonathan Tropper Directed by: Mark Raso Featuring: Ed Harris, Jason Sudeikis, Elizabeth Olsen, Bruce Greenwood, Wendy Crewson, and Dennis Haysbert Ben: "We're all so frightened by time, the way it moves on and the way things disappear. For professional uses, where duplication is expected and required, a special version, Kodachrome Commercial (KCO), was available in a 35 mm BH-perforated base (exclusively through Technicolor) and in a 16 mm base (exclusively through Eastman Kodak's professional products division). On April 15, 1935, this new film, borrowing the name from Capstaff's process, was formally announced. When I traveled to Europe for three months, in 1976, I carried 25 rolls of Kodachrome 64-36exp. Using dyes which were absorbed only by the unhardened gelatin, the negative that recorded the blue and green light was dyed red-orange and the red-exposed negative was dyed blue-green. Later color transparency films, such as Agfachrome, Anscochrome, Fujichrome and Kodak's own Ektachrome used simpler, quicker, and more accessible color development processes. [60][61] Once film received by the deadline had been developed, the world's last K-14 processing machine was taken out of service. JOIN NOW. [6] In 1999,[52] Kodak attempted to increase the availability of K-14 processing through its K-Lab program, where small labs equipped with smaller Kodak processing machines would supplement Kodak's own processing services. It'll be great to see the photos he decides to take. Kodachrome (2017) Movies, TV, Celebs, and more... Oscars Best Picture Winners Best Picture Winners Golden Globes Emmys STARmeter Awards San Diego Comic-Con New York Comic-Con Sundance Film Festival Toronto Int'l Film Festival Awards Central Festival Central All Events The park covers 2,240 acres of canyon country and is surrounded by Grand Staircase–Escalante National Monument on three sides. In an article posted by NPR in 2009 McCurry equated 'losing the medium to losing a dear friend.' The Parliamentary committees for Culture and Education[54] and for Internal Market and Consumer Protection[55] studied the matter. But creating the KC25 preset was anything but easy. I was looking for this. The main house used in... Jennifer Lawrence was recently spotted in Montréal while filming a new horror-drama “Mother” Location #1 The Main... Where was Brawl in Cell Block filmed? The movie, written by Jonathan Tropper, was inspired by a 2010 New York Times article about the end of the colour slide film. In 1974, with the transition to the K-14 process, Kodachrome II and Kodachrome-X were replaced by Kodachrome 25 and Kodachrome 64.