Why did many people move to California after 1848? This law gave every citizen, … For as long as possible, the federal government worked to maintain a balance between the representation of pro-slavery and anti-slavery states in the union. Some of them wanted to claim free land for ranching and farming from the government through the Homestead Act. Thomas Jefferson, the president in office at the time of Louisiana Purchase believed that expanding the territory of the nation would provide land for citizens to live and work on their small farms. • New opportunities and homes. By the year 1820, Americans had heavily settled land as far west as the Mississippi River, and created numerous new states in the process. Expansion also gave them new economic possibilities, such as farming and gold mining. Wild West For some of them, it gave them an opportunity to own their land, especially after Congress started passing the Homestead Acts in 1862. People moved west for a number of reasons in the nineteenth century, but by far the most prevalent motive was the availability of land. Why did more settlers move west after the War of 1812? While settlers traveled west along the Oregon Trail for a variety of reasons, most were motivated either by land or gold. Many early settlers to Indiana traveled by floating down the Ohio River. Expanded Opportunities People agreed to move west for many different and highly personal reasons. Americans moved to the West in the 1800s because people wanted to own their own land and get a fresh start. All the settlers found it easy to get land in the West. They were paid little for their hard work farming and they fell into debt. Even others, such as the Mormons, moved west to avoid persecution. Why did so many Americans move west during the 19th century? History Early Settlers : Early Settlers: The 1800s. Important events like the Louisiana Purchase, along with a desire for more farmland, prompted westward expansion. During the war, gold and silver discoveries drew prospectors—and later settlers—into Oregon, Colorado, Nevada, Idaho, and Montana. This was the era of the famous Oregon Trail. Settling the West Pioneers and settlers moved out west for different reasons. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Others had trouble finding land to farm. When you picture the "westward expansion" of settlers in the United States, a covered wagon may be the first thing to come to mind. What was John C. Calhoun's plan for a long-range program of internal improvements at public expenses? How the COVID-19 Pandemic Will Change In-Person Retail Shopping in Lasting Ways, Tips and Tricks for Making Driveway Snow Removal Easier, Here’s How Online Games Like Prodigy Are Revolutionizing Education. Michigan settlers came primarily from New York and New England, concentrating in the southern third of the state. A group of men could construct a flatboat in about 30 days. People also headed westward because the East was changing too rapidly for some – industrialization was replacing the traditional handicrafts with which generations had found economic security. Why did Mormons move to the West? Your IP: 91.220.196.45 Not only did this provide more room for the growing population to settle, but also it encouraged the idea of acquiring Spanish Florida and later Texas. Mennonites were some of the first to move West and to begin farming on the Great Plains. What road, constructed by the national government, connected Cumberland, Maryland, to Wheeling, Virginia? Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Prairie madness or prairie fever was an affliction that affected settlers in the Great Plains during the migration to, and settlement of, the Canadian Prairies and the Western United States in the nineteenth century. Expansion also gave them new economic possibilities, such as farming and gold mining. The first Homestead Act gave up to 160 acres of free land to any adult citizen who had a family, paid a registration fee and agreed to live on the property for five years. Supporters used this belief in defense of the decision to claim the Oregon Territory, annex Texas as well as the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, in which Mexico gave up its rights to what is now Arizona, New Mexico, California, Colorado, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming. Travelers passing through this country in 1815 encountered people who still had not heard of the War of 1812. The Homestead Act and the Morrill Act were the two important land-grant acts that were passed in the Great Plains during the mid-1800s to help open the West to settlers. Others preferred the vast expanses of open space to the tight quarters of urban tenements. Various land acts in Oregon provided free land to pioneers, while the start of the California Gold Rush in 1848 lured thousands more. 10 Must-Watch TED Talks That Have the Power to Change Your Life. In eighteen sixty-two, Congress had passed the Homestead Act. This Gold Rush of 1849 spiked California's population and encouraged the development of infrastructure in the gold mining towns. The years following the War of 1812 saw a massive migration of white settlers into the Old Northwest, the Old Southwest and the Far West. White settlers from the East poured across the Mississippi to mine, farm, and ranch. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 let Maine enter the Union as a free state and Missouri in as slave state, establishing the precedent of keeping an equally balanced number of each type of state. For most of the next two decades, that land functioned as the fabled open range, home to cowboys and their grazing cattle from ranches in Texas. Although the term didn't appear in print until 1845, the concept of Manifest Destiny had been alive and well in the United States since Jefferson's presidency. ... covered wagons, stage coaches and even boats were used to move people from east to west during the 19th century. 1650-1800: 1800-1820: 1820-1830: 1830-1840: ... to an exodus of 30,000 settlers from Kansas. Why Did Americans Move West in the 1800s. Manifest Destiny One principle that guided the country's westward expansion was Manifest Destiny, or the belief that the United States had a divinely given responsibility to settle and spread democracy across North America. 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