[4], Governments can increase this potential by strengthening mandatory energy efficiency policies, providing targeted fiscal or financial incentives, leveraging market-based mechanisms, and disseminating high-quality information about energy efficiency. The global electrification rate rose from 83 per cent in 2010 to 87 per cent in 2015, with the increase accelerating to reach 89 per cent in 2017. This was driven by the expansion of wind and solar technologies. It’s three core targets are the foundation for our work: Ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services Increase substantially the share of … [20] During the crisis progress has been seen in some aspect of SDG7 such as improvement in energy efficiency, use of renewable energy and increased access to electricity to people. Sustainable Development Goal 7. MNRT. In addition, a survey conducted in selected developing countries revealed that one quarter of the health facilities surveyed were not electrified, and another quarter had unscheduled outages, affecting their capacity to deliver essential health services. Such deficiencies weaken the health system’s response to the current health crisis. About 68 per cent of the savings in energy intensity between 2010 and 2012 came from developing regions, with Eastern Asia as the largest contributor. From 2012 to 2014, three quarters of the world’s 20 largest energy-consuming countries had reduced their energy intensity — the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP. As a result, global energy intensity, which stood at 6.7 (millijoules (mJ) per 2011 United States dollar ppp) in 2000 fell to 5.7 by 2012. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. According to the latest 2020 SDG report, affordable and reliable energy is now needed more than ever, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic, to supply hospitals and health facilities as well as access to energy for students learning remotely. Implementing partners. The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. Finance for clean cooking tripled from USD 48 million in 2017 to USD 131 million in 2018 but remains substantially below the estimated annual USD 4.5 billion required to achieve universal access by 2030. It began with the use of burning biomass (discovery of fire) to produce heat for local heating and cooking purposes. Investing Partners. Locations of our Key Initiatives Linked to this Sustainable Development Goal . United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, United Nations Economic and Social Council (2020), United Nations Economic and Social Council (2019), High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, United Nations economic and Social Council, Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, "Measuring progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals." The proportion of the world’s energy use covered by mandatory energy efficiency regulation, which has almost doubled over the past decade, from 14 per cent in 2005 to 27 per cent in 2014, was a factor. [20], The SDGs are all interlinked. <br> International financial flows to developing countries in support of clean energy research and development and renewable energy production, including in hybrid systems, By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support, Investments in energy efficiency as a percentage of GDP and the amount of foreign direct investment in financial transfer for infrastructure and technology to sustainable development services. Implementing partners. MoIE. Even though the absolute level of renewable energy consumption has grown by more than 18 per cent since 2010, only since 2012 has the growth of renewables outpaced the growth of total energy consumption. As the world population continues to grow, so will the gap between those who can afford it and those who cannot. [4][page needed]. Most of the increase was from renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power. Core funds. To reach the targets of SDG 7, there should be an enhanced political commitment, long-term energy planning, more public and private financing as well as appropriate policies and incentives to deploy the use of new technologies. Affordable and Clean Energy. [4], Renewables still face persistent financial, regulatory, and sometimes technological barriers.[4]. [12], Finance for energy access remains far below the investment needed to achieve SDG 7 by 2030: USD 41 billion of annual investment is required to achieve universal residential electrification, but only one third, or USD 16 billion, was tracked by Sustainable Energy for All in 20 high-impact countries in 2018. More telling is the fact that modern renewable energy consumption, which excludes solid biofuels used for traditional purposes, grew rapidly, at a rate of 4 per cent a year between 2010 and 2012, and accounted for 60 per cent of all new power-generating capacity in 2014. The technologies making the largest contribution have been hydropower, wind and solar energy; together they account for 73 per cent of the total increase in modern renewable energy between 2010 and 2012. 7. UN PDF. Sustainable Energy for All - works in partnership with the UN and world leaders to drive faster action towards SDG 7 in line with the Paris Agreement. Target 7.b: By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support Goal 7 of the SDGs aims to correct this enormous imbalance by ensuring everyone has access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services by the year 2030. Achieving SDG 7 is expected to galvanize actions to meet the Paris Agreement on climate change. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". The world is currently not on track to deliver on SDG 7. Learn more about the targets for Goal 7. Still, 2.8 billion persons lacked such access and relied primarily on inefficient and polluting cooking systems. Despite this progress, some 800 million people remain without electricity while access to clean cooking fuels and technologies needs dedicated attention. Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy Between 2000 and 2016, the number of people with electricity increased from 78 to 87 percent, and the numbers without electricity dipped to just below one billion. Locations of our Key Initiatives Linked to this Sustainable Development Goal. UNDP. In other words, these targets include access to affordable and reliable energy while increasing the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. UNIDO. 7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. Global primary energy intensity (ratio of energy used per unit of GDP) improved from 5.9 in 2010 to 5.1 in 2016, a rate of improvement of 2.3 per cent, which is still short of the 2.7 per cent annual rate needed to reach target 3 of Sustainable Development Goal 7. International financial flows to developing countries in support of clean and renewable energy reached $18.6 billion in 2016, almost doubling from $9.9 billion in 2010. CCDA. The first target of SDG 7 is Target 7.1: "By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services". FAO. According to the World Bank, 90 percent of the world's population had access to electricity as of 2018. This leads to reduced poverty rates poverty especially amongst women as they spend more time than men cooking and collecting water and fuel. For a long time, people have been using coal and oil as primary energy and to generate electricity. IAEA. 7. The global electrification rate rose, from 83 per cent in 2010 to 90 per cent by 2018. It also noted that from the years 2010 to 2018, the global population without access to electricity went down from 1.2 billion to 789 million. As the population increased over the years, the demand for these non-renewable resources also increased many fold, thus pushing the environment to the brink of destruction. Core funds. [2] SDG 7 has five "outcome targets": Universal access to modern energy; increase global percentage of renewable energy; double the improvement in energy efficiency; promote access to research, technology and investments in clean energy; and expand and upgrade energy services for developing countries. MoARD. Entities. United Nations (2015) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, Ritchie, Roser, Mispy, Ortiz-Ospina (2018). Annual total power generation is about 5.2Mw. The Sustainable Development Goals are a call for action by all countries – poor, rich and middle-income – to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. Plans call for particular attention to infrastructure support for the least developed countries, small islands and land-locked developing countries.[3]. There are five custodian agencies for SDG 7 which together published the most recent Energy Progress Report in 2012:[12].